An ocean floor is a place where many different geographical and biological phenomena take place. Scientists still have limited knowledge of the environment and its biodiversity, especially in ocean depths of thousands of meters or more. As a result, research into such continues. This article brings you information about the giant tube worms that inhabit the hot springs found in such ocean floor research.
The Tube worms, scientifically known as Riftia pachyptila, live in a tube made of a substance called chitin. They are called tube worms or tube worms because of this outgrowth. This chitinous tube protects most of their soft bodies, which grow to more than two feet in length. But the tube worms’ feather-like reddish structure extends out of the tube, giving them a distinctive appearance.
Giant tube worms that live on the deep ocean floor do not have a digestive system with a mouth and anus. Therefore, like plants, they must have a mechanism to produce their own food needs. In ocean depths of a thousand meters or more, they do not receive the sunlight. Then they have to rely on another energy source instead of light energy. Therefore, the life of tubeworms depends on the bacteria that live in them. These bacteria convert the various chemicals that come out of the water heat holes into organic molecules that can meet the energy needs of the tubeworm.
Giant tube worms have been found in the vicinity of many of the Pacific ocean openings that have now been discovered. This ecosystem is made up of very sensitive tubeworm colonies. When the Earth’s crust changes due to geothermal activity, the release of chemicals through the water hole can be blocked. Then all the organisms that depend on these chemicals will be destroyed. But life is ready to create a small world wherever hydroponics re-emerges on the ocean floor.