if We would to talk about the ice age Wewouldn’t fail to mention the great mammoth. This ancient elephant ancestor is so iconic you surely know it since little. Now you’ll find out facts about them no one had told you before
#1 The Last Resistance
The end of the ice age was a turning point on earth around 11 700 years ago. The weather became warmer and humans began to hunt more often. All this turned out to be a deadly combo for most animals of the time including mammoths, almost all mammoth species were thought to be extinct 10 000 years ago until it was found that some herds managed to stay longer on earth. While the continents of Eurasia and North America watched their mammoths disappear the arctic island of Rangel north of modern-day Russia was the place where dozens of mammoths took shelter to survive. However, with just a few mammoths on this island, its genetic diversity was rather low and genetic mutations unique to the animal of this island began to appear. This caused them to have diabetes and low sperm counts. Another matter of debate is that some humans arrived on the island and began hunting them.
#2 Huge and Dangerous Tusks
Mammoths were large animals what’s more the best-known species the woolly mammoth was about 11 feet tall but the most surprising thing was the size of its tusks. These were up to 15 feet long which were larger than any modern elephant. These tusks became a symbol of the woolly mammoth and even made it look more terrifying. This is why I’m sure many hunters at the time were cautious when facing it, However not only were these used to defend themselves but also to attract the opposite sex males with longer curvier. Tusks were able to pair up with more females during mating season. There’s also a theory that tusks were used to ward off saber-toothed tigers though no evidence of this has been found.
#3 Tiny Ears
You surely think that since mammoths were prehistoric elephant ancestors. They had giant ears like dumbo but nothing could be further from the truth since the ears of this animal were smaller than modern elephants. The woolly mammoth, Which is the most famous species had 14 inch long ears. Which are smaller than the African bush elephant with 6.6 feet long ears the reason behind this difference is simple. It was freezing cold during the ice age so mammoths needed smaller ears to stay warm. On the other hand, modern elephants need their big ears to stay cool under the terrible sun. That covers the African Savannah these were just biological priorities of the time.
#4 Size Variety
Thanks to popular Culture many identified the manuscript. Yeah, but in fact, mammoths were different Sizes, although most species were no larger than the current African bush elephant and 10.5 feet tall the largest mammoth, was the 13.1-foot tall step mammoth that lived in northern Eurasia. During the Pleistocene era around 1.7 million and 200 thousand years ago but although it may be hard to believe there were also mammoths as small as a modern young elephant. Its name is the Creighton dwarf mammoth and as its name implies. There was once plenty on the Mediterranean island of crait initially, when its fossils were discovered in 1904. It was believed to be some small elephant. But scientists discovered it was actually a small well-preserved mammoth. It was only 3.6 feet tall so you could even have had it as a pet.
#5 The Cold Made Them Giants
Why were mammoths so big did they? Perhaps eat enough food to grow that much the answer is yes, studies conclude that mammoths like many other animals of the time were huge in order to survive. The harsh in cold temperatures of Europe during the ice age. Their large size was key to their survival since that way. They could consume and digest large amounts of grass with minimal energy which was a need more than an advantage for the species. The only reason today’s large herbivores don’t have these big features is that the weather has become friendlier and warmer
#6 Religious Symbols
Many stories about the coexistence of the mammoth and the man were immortalized in cave paintings. This was evidenced by the discovery of this type of painting in the Lasko caves in southern France used for shamanic rituals more than 600 images were found depicting the encounter between animals of that time and humans from 17000 years ago. These paintings stood out because they seemed to be moving. Experts say that most likely the tribes along with the shamans painted mammoths as the species, They wanted to hunt and consume like worshipping them.
#7 Mammoth Music
Did you know that mammoths were very important in the history of mankind’s music? The oldest musical instruments in history are flutes made from bird bones and mammoth ivory. Incredible these prehistoric instruments were found in a cave in southern Germany. Which proved that humans of that time had lived. Their scientists estimate that these flutes are between 42 000 to 43 000 years old and experts believe these instruments may have been used in recreational activities or religious rituals, furthermore some have gone as far as to say that the music created by these flutes could have played a rather important role in the maintenance and creation of social networks to expand the territory of the homo sapiens. Without a doubt, the mammoth brought great benefits to mankind even after its death.
#8 Prehistoric Ivory For Sale
Prehistoric ivory for sale for over 20 000 years. The remains of several woolly mammoths stayed frozen in many places across Siberia, however, climate change has completely changed the picture. Now many mammoth corpses are defrosting and poachers have taken advantage of the situation to make a good profit with the ivory. Almost 90 percent of this ivory is exported from Siberia in Russia to China. Where it’s used for traditional medicine. The main issue is that hunters often pass off elephant ivory as mammoth ivory to avoid the authorities and carry out the illegal practice of selling elephant ivory.